It was first seen in England in an English version by Henry Leigh, at the Alhambra Theatre in 1876, with choreography again by Justamant. A group of bandits stage a brazen train hold-up, only to find a determined posse hot on their heels. Vampire Count Orlok expresses interest in a new residence and real estate agent Hutter's wife. Presented here by Arrow Academy in a sumptuous package that includes two versions of the film, five different scores, and a trio of useful documentaries, A Trip to the Moon was a lavish production for its day, with 30 scenes and a three-month production schedule.The Greek director Costa-Gavras, interviewed on the Blu-ray, likens it to James Cameron’s Avatar (2009). [40], The pseudo-tracking shot in which the camera appears to approach the Man in the Moon was accomplished using an effect Méliès had invented the previous year for the film The Man with the Rubber Head. [83] The introduction to the English-language edition of the Star Film Company catalogue announced: "In opening a factory and office in New York we are prepared and determined energetically to pursue all counterfeiters and pirates. [88], After Méliès's financial difficulties and decline, most copies of his prints were lost. [35] A mask-making specialist, probably from the major Parisian mask- and box-making firm of the Maison Hallé, used these moulds to produce cardboard versions for the actors to wear. A Trip to the Moon (French: Le Voyage dans la Lune)[a] is a 1902 French adventure short film directed by Georges Méliès. We will not speak twice, we will act! A Trip to the Moon was an internationally popular success on its release, and was extensively pirated by other studios, especially in the United States. They have to find a way to get out of their alien predicament to get back home safely. (1902). A "Gala Méliès" was held at the Salle Pleyel in Paris on 16 December 1929 in celebration of the filmmaker, and he was awarded the Legion of Honor in 1931. [104] The film also spurred on the development of cinematic science fiction and fantasy by demonstrating that scientific themes worked on the screen and that reality could be transformed by the camera. [35] From September through December 1902, a hand-colored print of A Trip to the Moon was screened at Méliès's Théâtre Robert-Houdin in Paris. Consequently, Bromberg and Lange themselves set to work separating the film frames, discovering that only the edges of the film stock had decomposed and congealed together, and thus that many of the frames themselves were still salvageable. Scholars have commented upon the film's extensive use of pataphysical and anti-imperialist satire, as well as on its wide influence on later film-makers and its artistic significance within the French theatrical féerie tradition. Aboard the futuristic flying machine of his own invention, Professor Mabouloff and his team of intercultural explorers set off on yet another impossible expedition to North Pole's vast landscapes. A Trip to the Moon is a 1902 French film written, directed, and produced by Georges Méliès. [42] In addition to its technical practicality, this technique also allowed Méliès to control the placement of the face within the frame to a much greater degree of specificity than moving his camera allowed. What I actually discovered was something more than that. [46] Méliès himself took considerable interest in musical accompaniment for his films, and prepared special film scores for several of them, including The Kingdom of the Fairies[47] and The Barber of Seville. A Trip To The Moon. Most of the preparation for the trip is in building the vessel and launching mechanism, which resemble a large bullet and a large gun respectively. They were paid one Louis d'or per day, a considerably higher salary than that offered by competitors, and had a full free meal at noon with Méliès. [100], The restored version premiered on 11 May 2011, eighteen years after its discovery and 109 years after its original release, at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival, with a new soundtrack by the French band Air. (Porter, for instance, used temporal discontinuity and repetition extensively in his 1903 film Life of an American Fireman. Doctors Jo Wilson, April Kepner, and Andrew DeLuca share the episodes they think are essential to understanding their characters. [48] However, Méliès never required a specific musical score to be used with any film, allowing exhibitors freedom to choose whatever accompaniment they felt most suitable. [99] Restoration costs were $1 million. )[64][65] Later in the twentieth century, with sports television's development of the instant replay, temporal repetition again became a familiar device to screen audiences. "[84] The film was a pronounced success in France, running uninterrupted at the Olympia music hall in Paris for several months. [36] Though other details about the film's making are scarce, the film historian Georges Sadoul argued that Méliès most likely collaborated with the painter Claudel on the scenery, and with Jehanne d'Alcy on the costumes. [45], Though Méliès's films were silent, they were not intended to be seen silently; exhibitors often used a bonimenteur, or narrator, to explain the story as it unfolded on the screen, accompanied by sound effects and live music. [19] Edison's print of the film was even offered in a hand-colored version available at a higher price, just as Méliès had done. [19], Many circumstances surrounding the film—including its unusual budget, length, and production time, as well as its similarities to the 1901 New York attraction—indicate that Méliès was especially keen to release the film in the United States. Astronomer, capsule, and Selenite fall through space and land in an ocean on Earth, where they are rescued by a ship and towed ashore. More than 300,000 budding astronauts have applied to accompany a Japanese billionaire on a six-day trip around the MOON - but just eight will be … The astronomers embark and their capsule is fired from the cannon with the help of "marines", most of whom are played by a bevy of young women in sailors' outfits. [77] Similarly, the literary and film scholar Edward Wagenknecht described the film as a work "satirizing the pretensions of professors and scientific societies while simultaneously appealing to man's sense of wonder in the face of an unexplored universe. A Trip to the Moon (French: Le Voyage dans la Lune) is a 1902 French adventure short film directed by Georges Méliès. "[13] Since these American directors are widely credited with developing modern film narrative technique, the literary and film scholar Edward Wagenknecht once summed up Méliès's importance to film history by commenting that Méliès "profoundly influenced both Porter and Griffith and through them the whole course of American film-making. Inspired by a wide variety of sources, including Jules Verne's 1865 novel From the Earth to the Moon and its 1870 sequel Around the Moon, the film follows a group of astronomers who travel to the Moon in a cannon-propelled capsule, explore the Moon's surface, escape from an underground group of Selenites (lunar inhabitants), and return to Earth with a captive Selenite. A Trip to the Moon contains examples of: Artistic License – Physics: The idea that subjecting a human to the force needed to send a capsule to the moon via cannon being probably a bad idea was actually pretty well understood at the time, but in this fantasy ignored. As the longest and most expensive of the early féeries, Le Voyage dans la lune constitutes not only a culmination of Méliès's work but also a significant advance. Hypnotist Dr. Caligari uses a somnambulist, Cesare, to commit murders. Its ensemble castof French th… "[84], In addition to the opening of the American branch, various trade arrangements were made with other film companies, including American Mutoscope and Biograph, the Warwick Trading Company, the Charles Urban Trading Co., Robert W. Paul's studio, and Gaumont. Jean-Eugène Robert-Houdin-Wikipedia. Barbenfouillis is French for "Tangled-Beard". Mauclaire obtained a copy from Paris in October 1929, and LeRoy found one from London in 1930, though both prints were incomplete; Mauclaire's lacked the first and last scenes, and LeRoy's was missing the entire final sequence featuring the parade and commemorative statue. "[4], Méliès, who had begun A Trip to the Moon in May 1902, finished the film in August of that year and began selling prints to French distributors in the same month. An original hand-colored print was discovered in 1993 and restored in 2011. Méliès carefully spliced the resulting shots together to create apparently magical effects, such as the transformation of the astronomers' telescopes into stools[38] or the disappearance of the exploding Selenites in puffs of smoke. [19] Méliès sold black-and-white and color prints of the film through his Star Film Company,[19] where the film was assigned the catalogue number 399–411[2][m] and given the descriptive subtitle Pièce à grand spectacle en 30 tableaux. The Selenites capture the astronomers and take them to the palace of their king. Tomas is a teenager with problems. [30] The camera operators were Théophile Michault and Lucien Tainguy, who worked on a daily basis with Méliès as salaried employees for the Star Film Company. A Trip to the Moon follows a group of travellers who jet off to the moon from earth on an exploration mission only to end up in peril and captured by the the local inhabitants, the Selenites. [67], With its pioneering use of themes of scientific ambition and discovery, A Trip to the Moon is sometimes described as the first science fiction film. [32], Méliès's film studio, which he had built in Montreuil, Seine-Saint-Denis in 1897,[33] was a greenhouse-like building with glass walls and a glass ceiling to let in as much sunlight as possible, a concept used by most still photography studios from the 1860s onward; it was built with the same dimensions as Méliès's own Théâtre Robert-Houdin (13.5 × 6.6 m). [39] Other effects were created using theatrical means, such as stage machinery and pyrotechnics. [11] Nonetheless, the following cast details can be reconstructed from available evidence: When asked in 1930 what inspired him for A Trip to the Moon, Méliès credited Jules Verne's novels From the Earth to the Moon (1865) and Around the Moon (1870). They have to find a way to get out of their alien predicament to get back home safely. A Trip to the Moon (1902) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. Still, when I came across it, I expected a cute story with with quirky complications and a happy ending. A Trip to the Moon (French: Le Voyage dans la Lune) is a 1902 French silent film directed by Georges Méliès. The film's style, like that of most of Méliès's other films, is deliberately theatrical. [50], In 1903, the English composer Ezra Read published a piano piece called A Trip to the Moon: Comic Descriptive Fantasia, which follows Méliès's film scene by scene and may have been used as a score for the film;[51] it may have been commissioned by Méliès himself, who had likely met Read on one of his trips to England. Was this review helpful to you? Phoebe causes a snowfall that awakens the astronomers, and they seek shelter in a cavern where they discover giant mushrooms. "[104], Uncropped production still from the film, showing the edges of the backdrop and the floor of the studio, The scene as it appears in the hand-colored print of the film, Proper names taken from the authorized English-language catalogue description of the film: see. Finally, in that same year, Méliès had a moment of anger and burned all his remaining negatives in his garden in Montreuil. Finally, Méliès offered to let one such exhibitor borrow a print of the film to screen for free. Bromberg and Lange consulted various specialist laboratories in an attempt to restore the film, but because the reel of film had apparently decomposed into a rigid mass, none believed restoration to be possible. With the one dissenting voice quashed by Barbenfouillis and the other members, the plan is approved with Barbenfouillis choosing five others to … His family is constantly pressing him and her mother forces him to take antipsychotic drugs. An association of astronomers has convened to listen to the plan of Professor Barbenfouillis, their president, to fly to the moon. [50], A Trip to the Moon was met with especially large enthusiasm in the United States, where (to Méliès's chagrin) its piracy by Lubin, Selig, Edison and others gave it wide distribution. A group of astronomers plan a trip to the moon and after building a bullet-like spaceship they are blasted onto the surface by a cannon. [8] One of the backdrops for the film, showing the inside of the glass-roofed workshop in which the space capsule is built, was painted to look like the actual glass-roofed studio in which the film was made. Overview. Will the moon really be made of cheese as Mr Greedy thinks and will there be any cows jumping overhead?! [62][k], Similarly, film scholars have noted that the most famous moment in A Trip to the Moon plays with temporal continuity by showing an event twice: first the capsule is shown suddenly appearing in the eye of an anthropomorphic moon; then, in a much closer shot, the landing occurs very differently, and much more realistically, with the capsule actually plummeting into believable lunar terrain. Get a sneak peek of the new version of this page. One astronomer opens his umbrella; it promptly takes root and turns into a giant mushroom itself. [85] The film also did well in other countries, including Germany, Canada, and Italy, where it was featured as a headline attraction through 1904. It may have scientific flaws that are known to later generations, and it is sometimes stylized, but it shows marvelous inventiveness. Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. The final sequence (missing from some prints of the film) depicts a celebratory parade in honour of the travellers' return, including a display of the captive Selenite and the unveiling of a commemorative statue bearing the motto "Labor omnia vincit".[h]. At this point, a Selenite (an insectoid alien inhabitant of the Moon, named after one of the Greek moon goddesses, Selene) appears, but it is killed easily by an astronomer, as the creatures explode if they are hit with force. The office was designed to sell Méliès's films directly and to protect them by registering them under United States copyright. Georges Méliès's films, such as the 1902 international success A Trip to the Moon, became acclaimed for their visual storytelling, often encompassing multiple scenes and involving careful editing and complicated special effects. "[109] Chiara Ferrari's essay on the film in 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die, which places A Trip to the Moon as the first entry, argues that the film "directly reflects the histrionic personality of its director", and that the film "deserves a legitimate place among the milestones in world cinema history. Its ensemble cast of French theatrical performers is led by Méliès himself as main character Professor Barbenfouillis. 44 Certainly, Norman’s opera can be placed somewhere among the traditions of opéra féerie and Märchenoper: as Norman says, it seeks to teach tolerance of the “other. [59] In an advertisement he proudly described the difference between his innovative films and the actualities still being made by his contemporaries: "these fantastic and artistic films reproduce stage scenes and create a new genre entirely different from the ordinary cinematographic views of real people and real streets. [81] One account reports that Méliès sold a print of the film to the Paris photographer Charles Gerschel for use in an Algiers theatre, under strict stipulation that the print only be shown in Algeria. [44] Méliès was often uncredited altogether; for the first six months of the film's distribution, the only American exhibitor to credit Méliès in advertisements for the film was Thomas Lincoln Tally,[82] who chose the film as the inaugural presentation of his Electric Theater. [29], In order to combat the problem of film piracy that became clear during the release of A Trip to the Moon, Méliès opened an American branch of the Star Film Company, directed by his brother Gaston Méliès, in New York in 1903. Everyday low … 1. [77] The film historian Richard Abel believes Méliès aimed in the film to "invert the hierarchal values of modern French society and hold them up to ridicule in a riot of the carnivalesque". The Mr Men are going on a trip to the moon! Sadoul argued that the first half of the film (up to the shooting of the projectile) is derived from Verne and that the second half, the travellers' adventures on and in the Moon, is derived from Wells. Most of the preparation for the trip is in building the vessel and launching mechanism, which resemble a large bullet and a large gun respectively. Jules-Eugène Legris as the parade leader. Let our editors help you find what's trending and what's worth your time. Tampa's premier cover band & music entertainment. Hitting the moon in the eye, the six land safely at their destination. [72][105] In a 1940 interview, Edwin S. Porter said that it was by seeing A Trip to the Moon and other Méliès films that he "came to the conclusion that a picture telling a story might draw the customers back to the theatres, and set to work in this direction. The film features the overtly theatrical style for which Méliès became famous. A Trip to the Moon [43], As with at least 4% of Méliès's output (including major films such as The Kingdom of the Fairies, The Impossible Voyage, and The Barber of Seville), some prints of A Trip to the Moon were individually hand-colored by Élisabeth Thuillier's coloring lab in Paris. It's no wonder that this is one of the best-remembered films from cinema's earliest years. Huggo. A deliriously stylish journey through the mind of an outcast adolescent, this playfully exciting coming-of-age dramedy has gained great acclaim on the festival circuit. Wells. Bromberg and Lange offered to trade a recently rediscovered film by Segundo de Chomón for the hand-colored print, and Gimenez accepted. A Trip to the Moon is worth the short runtime. François Lallement as the officer of the marines. [21], In addition to these literary sources, various film scholars have suggested that Méliès was heavily influenced by other works, especially Jacques Offenbach's operetta Le voyage dans la lune (an unauthorised parody of Verne's novels) and the A Trip to the Moon attraction at the 1901 Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. [72] However, several other genre designations are possible; Méliès himself advertised the film as a pièce à grand spectacle,[12] a term referring to a type of spectacular Parisian stage extravaganza popularised by Jules Verne and Adolphe d'Ennery in the second half of the nineteenth century. Written by [86], Thanks to the efforts of film history devotées, especially René Clair, Jean-George Auriol, and Paul Gilson, Méliès and his work were rediscovered in the late 1920s. [10] The descent of the capsule from the Moon was covered in four shots, taking up about twenty seconds of film time. One of the earliest motion pictures to ever be recovered and released. A Trip to the Moon (French: Le Voyage dans la lune) is a 1902 French black and white silent science fiction film. [75], A Trip to the Moon is highly satirical in tone, poking fun at nineteenth-century science by exaggerating it in the format of an adventure story. [25] It was his longest film at the time;[i] both the budget and filming duration were unusually lavish, costing ₣10,000 to make[29] and taking three months to complete. "[72] It was profoundly influential on later filmmakers, bringing creativity to the cinematic medium and offering fantasy for pure entertainment, a rare goal in film at the time. [44] Thuillier, a former colorist of glass and celluloid products, directed a studio of two hundred people painting directly on film stock with brushes, in the colors she chose and specified. The plot of A Trip to the Moon is relatively simple, but incredibly ambitious for early cinema. "[87] The film which Méliès was proudest of was Humanity Through the Ages, a serious historical drama now presumed lost. The film's total length is about 260 metres (roughly 845 feet) of film, The stationary position of the camera, which became known as one of Méliès's characteristic trademarks, was one of the most important elements of the style. In the midst of the Russian Revolution of 1905, the crew of the battleship Potemkin mutiny against the brutal, tyrannical regime of the vessel's officers. Awesome, but Impractical: The film was coloured by handpainting each frame of the film. Socially awkward and under constant pressure from his family, exam-related stress and unrequited love for his neighbour Iris finally tip him over the edge and he begins to plan a trip to the moon. 22 of 39 people found this review helpful. Conjurer Making Ten Hats in Sixty Seconds, Divers at Work on the Wreck of the "Maine", Gulliver's Travels Among the Lilliputians and the Giants, A Wager Between Two Magicians, or Jealous of Myself, The Inventor Crazybrains and His Wonderful Airship, The Eclipse, or the Courtship of the Sun and Moon, The Good Shepherdess and the Evil Princess, Tribulation or the Misfortunes of a Cobbler, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=A_Trip_to_the_Moon&oldid=1015837988, Works based on From the Earth to the Moon, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A group of wizards go to the Moon in the eye, the prints kept there were by! 'S style, like that of most of Méliès 's financial difficulties and decline, most copies of his were..., we will act, Thuillier 's lab produced about sixty hand-colored copies of classics. 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